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Le Potato Ubuntu and Debian with Linux 4.18

Linux 4.19 is a LTS release so we went ahead and created a spectrum of images for Le Potato based on Linux 4.18. These images come with three months of upstream Linux enablement by our partner @BayLibre. Some of this work will be showcased at @KernelRecipes and @EmbeddedRecipes along with free #LePotato boards for attendees.

These images are based on Linux 4.18.7, X11 up to 4K30, and Amlogic Mali (for non-Headless). When Linux 4.19 is tagged by Linus, we will work on final images with automatic package upgrade for Linux, u-boot, and user-space that is currently done through scripts.

  • Debian 9 Stretch Headless (Server)
  • Debian 9 Stretch LXDE
  • Debian 9 Stretch XFCE
  • Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Headless (Server)
  • Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic MATE (Gnome 2)
  • Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic XFCE
  • Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Headless (Server)
  • Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial MATE (Gnome 2)
  • Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial XFCE

You can grab them here: Ubuntu Debian

In other news, BayLibre is working with LibreELEC to get mainline hardware decoding working for Le Potato. This work will eventually make it into Kodi and we are very excited about it. The upstream V4L2 hardware video decoder work by Maxime Jourdan of BayLibre will not land in Linux 4.19 but will be backported. This work will coincide with two new products due in the following months: La Frite and Les Puree. These designs share the same underlying architecture as Le Potato to re-use the software technologies we have invested in.

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ROC-RK3399-PC (Renegade Elite) Crowdfunding Begins

Renegade Elite is the first mass-market SBC built specifically to tackle modern applications in artificial intelligence, stereo computer vision, neural-networks, robotics, and general purpose GPU compute. It also revolutionizes traditional markets like digital signage, high density micro-server, and connected edge devices at its $99 price point. All of this is enabled by a device slightly longer than a 2.5″ drive.

Together with revolutionary standards-compliant technologies like USB Type-C and Power-over-Ethernet, Renegade Elite offers what no other competitor can match.

Find out more @Indiegogo.

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Renegade Elite: Indiegogo Campaign Launch

The ROC-RK3399-PC (Renegade Elite) is the culmination of six months of development effort between the Libre Computer Project and Firefly teams to re-envision computing as we know it. We have analyzed almost all usage scenarios for the edge computing market to derive a design that enables usability of core high-performance features of the Rockchip RK3399 System-on-Chip.

Find out more on Indiegogo.

 

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AML-S805X-AC (La-Frite) Announcement, Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) LTS for AML-S905X-CC (Le Potato) Preview Image 3, Raspbian, and Upstream Software Roadmap

Since we started our endeavor, we have made tremendous progress on the software side of the AML-S905X-CC (Le Potato) platform through our collaboration with BayLibre. We are happy to announce that the platform will be getting a mini-me, the AML-S805X-AC (La Frite). This smaller and more cost-oriented board shares the same underlying technology as its bigger brother and will utilize the upstream work completed so far. It is limited to 1080P instead of 4K60 like Le Potato. The crowdfunding will occur at the end of July after we release the images for ALL-H3-CC series (Tritium). This will coincide with the Indiegogo campaign for ROC-RK3399-PC (Renegade Elite). More details to come about both of these projects.

Meanwhile, we have released a new preview image for the current AML-S905X-CC. This image fixes two outstanding issues:

  • floating MAC address causing new DHCP IP leases
  • support for automatically generating timings for DMT resolutions

The images slipstreams the latest Linux 4.14.52. If you already have preview image 2, this is not much of an upgrade.

We have been quietly working on support for Raspbian. The work is relatively simple and we have been testing it internally for release in the next 10 days. It will come in two forms: an image and a script to install on top of existing Raspbian for Raspberry Pi. This will work for both Le Potato and Tritium platforms.

LXDE is much faster than Gnome 3 on these low power ARM hardware. It is the basis for the latest desktop UI for Raspbian. We will start rolling Ubuntu with LXDE on X11 along side the Gnome 3 with Wayland images for usability reasons.

Upstream roadmap items being worked on include the following:

  • 4K30 support in Linux (4K60 requires a lot of work still)
  • single resolution video output and framebuffer in u-boot
  • SPI-FC support for AML-S805X-AC in u-boot
  • DRM overlays in Linux
  • Device tree overlays (like HAT support in Raspbian for Raspberry Pi boards)

Logistical roadmap items being worked on include the following:

  • Unified kernel for ALL-H3-CC H5, AML-S905X-CC, ROC-RK3328-CC based on Linux 4.18
  • Debian repo infrastructure and packaging for kernel and u-boot for all of our boards
  • Continuous integration and image buildbot
  • European distribution

These two lists are not comprehensive. It will be a fun summer with lots to do.

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Comprehensive Documentation for ROC-RK3328-CC by Firefly Team

ROC-RK3328-CC (Renegade) is a powerful SBC platform powered by the Rockchip RK3328 SoC and equipped with high bandwidth DDR4. It features high performance IO like Gigabit Ethernet and USB 3.0 operating near native speeds. It is perfect for media center and IO intensive applications.

The Firefly Team, who designed this board with us, has accumulated and digested various guides into coherent documentation and put them here: http://roc-rk3328-cc.readthedocs.io/en/latest/intro.html

Since the board has only been out for two months, there is only sparse documentation available on the web so this is a great central resource for getting started with the Renegade. Did we mention that it is backed by GitHub it can be improved upon?

The documentation covers images for Android, Ubuntu, and LibreELEC by the Firefly team based on Rockchip’s SDK (Linux 4.4 LTS). We will also be rolling out Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial and Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic images for Renegade based on the latest upstream Linux LTS as soon as we are able to digest and test patches that are needed. We have no concrete timeline yet but will provide updates when we are close.

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Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ Benchmarks, Review, and Comparison

Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is the newest offering from the Raspberry Pi Foundation sharing much of the same features as the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B with small but significant improvements on many fronts while maintaining the same price. Below is some highlights.

  • Increased CPU clock speed from 1.2GHz to 1.4GHz
  • Increased memory throughput
  • Integrated Heat Spreader (IHS) for SoC
  • Integrated MxL7704 PMIC for power management and delivery
  • Modularized WiFi/BT Radio with 5GHz and improved performance
  • Gigabit Ethernet (albeit still over USB 2.0)
  • Ethernet headers for PoE addon

We ran a comprehensive set of benchmarks on the new model, old model, and our boards to compare performance and power consumption.

We begin with heavily optimized C applications like C-Ray and SciMark2. Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is still utilizing 32-bit kernel and userland like its predecessor. Raspbian, the official OS of Raspberry Pi, has not moved to 64-bit ARMv8 despite the ARM Cortex-A53 CPU cores supporting it. Legacy 32-bit can help performance for this specific benchmark since some data structures and pointers are smaller than in 64-bit ARMv8 mode. Performance increases around 20% from the Model B, which means that the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ matches the performance of similarly clocked ROC-RK3328-CC. It is still slightly behind the AML-S905X-CC since that is about 100MHz faster.

Now we move onto server based workloads. Redis is a good test of overall system performance as it stresses not just the CPU but also the interrupt and memory subsystems. We see the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ improving greatly in performance over the previous Model B but still not enough to catch up with modern 28nm SoCs with faster DDR3/4 running ARMv8 kernel and userland.

Java benefits heavily from having native 64-bit arithmetic and performs signficantly faster on the boards running true 64-bit OSes. Despite nearly a 30% increase in performance, the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is left behind.

Sysbench results should be taken with a grain of salt when comparing different binaries but this demonstrates the necessity of true 64-bit ARMv8 kernel and userland. Even with the performance gains, Raspberry Pi products are still held back by 32-bit ARMv7 Raspbian OS. Both the Renegade and Le Potato boards deliver more than 10x the performance.

Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ uses a newly revised BCM2837B0. There are four limiting features of this SoC just like the previous BCM2837 in the Model B. First, it is missing ARM ISA’s Crypto Extensions. For encryption and decryption workloads such as VPN, SSL, SSH, and HTTPS, it’s NEON accelerated implementation is roughly 15x slower. This is one of the critical missing features that make the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ a poor choice for server based workloads that depend on these security instructions.

The second limiting feature has to do with the GPU which is a 30-bit design limited to 512MB of RAM. It only supports DDR2 so we haven’t seen the Raspberry Pi move to faster memory like LP/DDR3 like on Le Potato or LP/DDR4 on Renegade. As a result, memory intensive workloads will be much slower although the Model B+ is marginally faster than the Model B.

Like the previous Model B, the Model B+ has not implemented UHS support for MicroSD cards. It is still limited to 25MB/s while other boards are more than twice as fast.

As mentioned by Eben Upton, the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ has a single USB 2.0 channel which is shared between the ethernet and four port USB hub. Despite having a physical gigabit ethernet, performance is limited to 320Mb/s (40MB/s) peak. If you are using a USB hard drive serving files over ethernet, the effective throughput is reduced to 160Mb/s (20MB/s). Intensive NAS based use-cases for the Pi continues to be ruled out. ROC-RK3328-CC (Renegade) has both dedicated Gigabit Ethernet and dedicated USB 3.0 so it can deliver an order of magnitude more throughput.

The most horrifying aspect of the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is the power consumption. They’ve learned the wrong lesson from ASUS Tinker Board, Orange Pi, et al. While the new PMIC addressed the voltage drop issues, power consumption shot up 50% for marginal increases in performance. In our previous guess of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s plans, we assumed Broadcom would help make a power efficient Cortex-A35 design. Instead, BCM2837B0 went in the exact opposite direction.

In our CPU burn tests, the board consumed nearly 1.8A without any peripheral or screen connected. This is at the borderline of the MicroUSB power spec and will un-doubted create new power related headaches for many end-users. Most cell phone power supplies simply will not work for this board.

It would be fair to say that the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ will not be winning any performance per watt benchmarks especially compared to the super fast and efficient Le Potato board. However, it is a significant step in the right direction compared to its predecessor. The hardware designers have addressed quite a few long-standing issues and we expect the next generation Raspberry Pi 4 to further amortize design issues.

  1. The new integrated heat spreader (IHS) will allow the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ to sustain performance for longer and perform more reliably than the previous Model B. It will help the temperature sensor adequately throttle performance when a specific area of the chip becomes too hot and extend the useful life of the board specially in industrial conditions.
  2. The new WiFi/Bluetooth module performs with excellence. It also uses a module design which saves companies from having to go through expensive radio certification process. In our tests, the WiFi performance on the 5GHz band exceeded performance of the Model B on the 2.4GHz band by five times.
  3. The power delivery and management IC has eliminated the voltage drop across the previous poorly-designed power delivery circuit that was causing power warnings with compliant power supplies. While the added power consumption exacerbates the problem, we still feel that this is a step in the right direction.

You can find all of the performance data that we aggregated on this Google Sheet.

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Libre Computer CC Boards Comparison

Ever want to compare features of our boards to know what the differences are? Want to compare our Tritium, Le Potato, and Renegade boards with newly released popular boards like the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ and ASUS Tinker Board S?

We have just made it super easy for you with our spreadsheet. This covers hardware features found on the boards. We will throw together another spreadsheet with software and performance numbers for each board in the future.

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Libre Computer Board Renegade SBC for $35+

The enduring spirit of innovation is to keep them coming. Renegade is our latest board with up to 4GB of DDR4, Gigabit Ethernet, and USB 3.0, enough to power a Linux desktop experience. As with all of our boards, both Linux and Android are available. This board is 4K capable like all of our previous boards and performs on par with our AML-S905X-CC. You can find (and back) the Indiegogo campaign here.

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Libre Computer Board Tritium SBC for $9+

It is our pleasure to announce the Kickstarter for our second Linux/Android single board computer Tritium. This cost-effective solution is form factor compatible with the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and our previous AML-S905X-CC (Le Potato) SBC. It enables new embedded solutions across a whole range of applications. Based on Allwinner’s popular H2+, H3, and H5 SoCs, three distinct boards leverages the extensive software contributions of the open-source community around Allwinner designs.

General availability for the ALL-H3-CC is scheduled for February 2018.